An Introduction To Staying Safe on UK Roads in Winter What You Can Do, you can find the original blog here
01.Introduction to driving in winter
02.Getting your car ready for winter
03.On the road
An Introduction To
Driving in Winter Weather conditions will always affect the way we drive, and this is especially true in winter. Not only do cold temperatures mean it can take more time for your vehicle to get started, but there are a range of challenges you could encounter – sometimes on the same day.
The weather in the UK is unpredictable at the best of times, so preparation is essential. 45% of drivers don’t do any checks on their vehicle before winter starts, but knowing what to do and what you need could save your life.
Make sure you know how to look after your vehicle and adapt your driving, and you’re more likely to have a safe, calm journey.
Weather conditions you might encounter The UK has a temperate oceanic climate, which means it has four distinct seasons (spring, summer, autumn, and winter), with mild temperatures, cloudy skies, and rain throughout the year.
The average winter temperature in the UK normally sits between 2℃ and 7℃, and often drops to just below 0℃. There is little temperature variation between different regions, but the north of England, Scotland, and Wales are more likely to experience heavy rain or snow, as are mountainous areas.
Source: Met Office
Weather conditions you might encounter while driving in winter include: Rain, Hail & Sleet, Ice & Snow, Fog
Strong Winds, Winter Sun.
How likely is it that the UK will get snow? When we were younger, we might have looked forward to snow days. But snow can be disruptive to your journey when you’ve got to drive.
According to the Met Office:
23.7 days The UK gets an average of 23.7 days of snowfall or sleet per year.
15.6 daysHowever, the amount that settles on the ground is a lot lower, at 15.6 days per year on average.
38.1 days These numbers increase in Scotland, where they get an average of 38.1 days of snowfall or sleet.
26.2 days The amount that settles on the ground goes up to a yearly average of 26.2 days.
Safety precautions in the UK To make sure UK roads stay safe and people can still get around, the Highways Agency prepares for winter year-round with:
290,000Tonnes of Salt
Local authorities will grit major roads in preparation for ice or snow. Meanwhile, the Met Office gives weather warnings up to seven days in advance for rain, thunderstorms, wind, snow, lightning, ice, and fog.
There are three types of weather warning in the UK: yellow, amber, and red.
Yellow warnings are normally issued when the weather will cause low-level impact. There could be disruption in some locations, but not all, so it’s important to check what could happen in your local area. You may need to change your route if you’re planning to drive.
Amber warnings are issued when there’s more chance of severe weather having an impact. Travel delays (including road and rail closures) and power cuts are possible, and there’s a potential risk to life and property. You’ll need to consider changing your plans and protecting your property beforehand.
RedA red warning means dangerous weather is expected and you should take action to keep yourself and others safe (if you haven’t already). Risk to life and disruption to travel and energy supplies are all very likely. There could also be widespread damage to property and infrastructure. You need to avoid travelling unless it’s absolutely necessary and follow the advice issued by the emergency services and local authorities.
The Met Office use a matrix to show the likelihood of a forecast having an impact, as shown in the example below.
Warning Impact Matrix
Are you covered by car insurance if a red weather warning has been issued?Yes, as long as your car is also taxed and has a valid MOT. It’s worth asking your insurer for clarification if you’re not sure. The only time an insurer may not pay out is if an accident happens due to irresponsible driving – regardless of the weather.
Before your journeyIt’s tempting to head off quickly and get your journey over with, to avoid being out in the winter weather for too long. But taking time to answer a few key questions before you go will help you feel more in control.
Have you considered your health?You are more likely to catch a cold or other illness in winter, and this can make driving dangerous.
According to the RAC, research shows that your concentration falls by more than half if you have a cold or flu, and your reaction time also slows down. The symptoms, especially sneezing, can be particularly troublesome. Drivers can travel up to 50ft with their eyes closed during a sneeze and may lose control of their vehicle.
Both prescription and over-the-counter medicines can add to this danger by causing drowsiness. Always read the leaflet and speak to your GP if you’re unsure about any of the side effects.
The bottom line is: don’t drive if your health could affect your safety and that of others.
Do you have breakdown cover?Most journeys will be trouble-free. But if nothing else, knowing you have adequate cover will give you peace of mind if your vehicle does break down. It also means you won’t be stranded waiting for help, which is the last thing you want in the depths of winter. Make sure the number of your breakdown company is saved to your phone.
Have you checked your local travel updates?Are any roads closed? Are there any traffic jams? Do you need to plan an alternative route? Knowing the answers to these questions before you travel means you can avoid any unsafe roads. You’re also less likely to get frustrated being stuck in the cold and dark.
An Introduction To Driving in Winter
It’s worth getting a full vehicle service when the weather starts to turn, to identify any potential issues before they become too problematic. But there are also plenty of things you can do yourself.
Is your MOT up to date?
Are your lights clean and working? Are they are bright enough?
Is your battery fully charged?
Are your windscreen, windows and mirrors clean?
Are your wiper blades clean? Is your washer bottle filled with screen wash?
Is the antifreeze and oil at the correct level?
Are your tyres in good condition (including the spare)? Do they have a tread depth of at least 3mm?
Do you need winter tyres? Some drivers just need to make sure their existing tyres have a tread depth of 3mm. Others, who live in areas where snow is more likely to settle, might change to winter tyres once the weather gets colder. Winter tyres are not a legal requirement in the UK.
Winter tyres have: A softer compound, Deeper grooves, Narrow cuts built into the tread (sipes)
According to the RAC, this combination of features improves contact with the road and helps to move water and snow out of the way. Look for a snowflake symbol on the sidewall – this is what tells you it’s a winter tyre.
Pros & Cons
They have a better grip in cold and wet conditions.
They perform best when temperatures are below 7℃, so you can’t use them year-round in the UK.
They improve stopping distances by up to 11 metres in icy conditions.
They are more expensive than regular tyres.
Your regular tyres will last longer because you’ll use them less.
You’ll probably have to pay to get them changed.
Are there alternatives to winter tyres? Snow socks and snow chains are cheaper alternatives. Snow socks are fabric covers that offer more grip than regular tyres – they’re a good thing to keep in your car in case you come across a road that hasn’t been cleared of snow.
Snow chains offer the best grip in deep snow, but are more difficult to fit. They must only be used when you’re driving over compacted snow, otherwise you may damage your car or the road surface.
Making an emergency kitWe all hope we’ll never end up in an emergency. Even so, it’s better to be prepared.
What to include in your emergency kit:
Hazard warning triangle
First aid kit
High visibility jacket
Blanket (for you and any passengers)
Emergency rations (hot drink in a flask and food, such as energy bars)
Fully charged mobile phone
Planning your journeyAllow extra time for your journey. Rushing is dangerous even in the best of conditions, let alone when you’re driving in winter weather.
What to check before you set off What are the travel updates like for your area?
Your local news should provide them. Check the traffic and weather conditions before you leave, and be prepared to take a different route if you need to.
Have the local authorities recommended that you don’t travel?
You may need to postpone your journey or use a different type of transport unless it’s absolutely essential.
Have you let someone know where you’re going and when you think you’ll get there?
Do they know when you plan to be back?
Have you charged your phone?
Do you have enough fuel?
Have your front and back windshields defrosted?
Frost will have a serious impact on how much you can see, so wait until it’s completely clear. You can use de-icer spray and an ice scraper to speed up the process.
Have you removed any snow or ice from the roof of your car?
You may think you only need to clean the windscreen, but snow can fall down from the roof while you’re driving, which is very dangerous. Plus, the law states that you must be able to see out of every glass panel in your vehicle if you’re driving in adverse weather conditions.
Is your heater on?
The warmth will keep your windscreen and windows clear (and you’ll be much more comfortable).
On the RoadA few years ago, Highways England found that travelling too fast for the conditions was a factor in 1 in 9 road deaths in Britain in 2015. It’s crucial to take the weather into account when you set off – it could save your life.
Whether it’s windy, raining, or snowing, you’ll need to stick to slower speeds than normal. This gives you more time to react if you encounter a problem – and the more time you have to react, the more control you have.
Driving in heavy rainYou might think ice and snow are the most dangerous winter driving conditions – but it’s actually heavy rain. Highways England launched a safety campaign in 2016 after statistics showed that people are 30 times more likely to be killed or seriously injured on the roads in rain than they are in snow.
It makes sense when you think about it. Rain is common in the UK, as you can see from the chart below, and motorists are used to driving in it. This can create a false sense of confidence.
Heavy rain affects both the surface of the roads and how much you can see. You’ll need to adapt accordingly: drive smoothly, give yourself plenty of time to carry out manoeuvres, and leave a larger gap between you and the vehicle in front to account for rain, spray, and the longer braking distance. Research suggests your braking distance can double in wet conditions.
Even staying well below the speed limit can be dangerous if vehicles are too close to each other. Use your windscreen wipers and dipped headlights to improve visibility.
Flooded Roads You may come across flooded roads when it’s been raining heavily for a long time. You may well decide to turn around and find an alternative route – this is essential if the water is too deep, or you’re not sure. Nearly a third of flood-related deaths (32%) are in vehicles.
According to the AA:
30cmof flowing water could be enough to move your car, 60cmof standing water will float your car
An egg cupof water is enough to ruin a car engine!
If you do decide to go through the water, you’ll need to adapt the way you drive. Use first gear, take it slow, and keep your engine speed high. It’s dangerous for more than one car to drive through deep water at a time because of the waves this causes, so you may have to give way when you wouldn’t need to usually.
Don’t forget to check your mirrors and test your brakes afterwards. You can also dry them out by applying gentle pressure as you drive along slowly.
What is aquaplaning?Aquaplaning happens when your tyres lose contact with the road. Your car will float on the water instead.
Can I avoid it?There are a couple of things you can do to reduce the risk of aquaplaning. It normally happens when you drive too fast into surface water, so reduce your speed when conditions are wet, and especially when you approach a larger body of water. Stay away from the kerb if you can – this is where the water is normally deepest.
You can also look at your tyres’ pressure and tread depth. Make sure they can grip the road as much as possible.
What do I do if it does happen?Don’t make any sudden manoeuvres – turning or braking can cause the car to skid uncontrollably. Gently ease off the pedals and wait until you’re moving slowly enough for your tyres to grip the road again. Test your brakes once you’ve driven through the surface water.
Driving in strong windsThe average wind speed in the UK has stayed relatively consistent over the past 18 years. It increases in hilly areas and near mountains and coasts.
The chart below shows the average UK wind speed in knots:
Drive slowly and concentrate on keeping your vehicle steady. You will feel the impact of strong winds when you drive over bridges or on roads that are more exposed to the elements. Don’t hesitate to change your route if you’re worried about your safety.
Lorries and motorbikes are more affected by wind than cars. Keep your distance.Driving in fogFog is incredibly dangerous due to the lack of visibility. It’s best to avoid driving in thick fog unless you have to. Fog is often heaviest when it’s cold in the morning, before the sun rises and causes it to evaporate. You may be able to wait a few hours and set off once it’s cleared.
If you do need to travel, check all your lights are working before you set off, and allow extra time for your journey. Switch on your dipped headlights and fog lamps, but watch out for any vehicles behind you. You’ll need to switch your rear fog lamps off to avoid dazzling other drivers. Rear fog lamps can also obscure your brake lights, which is dangerous if the driver behind doesn’t realise you’re slowing down.
It’s also unsafe to use your full-beam lights – they reflect off the fog and reduce your vision even more.
You’ll have to travel slower than normal to make up for the reduced vision. Don’t make the mistake of speeding up if visibility improves – fog often sits in patches and you could come across some more moments later.
Keep your radio off and your window open slightly so you can hear whether there are other vehicles on the road.
Keep a greater distance than normal between you and the car in front. Accidents caused by fog often occur when vehicles are too close together and can be catastrophic for those involved – it doesn’t take long for a pile-up to happen when visibility is poor.
If you feel like you can’t drive safely, or your vehicle breaks down, get it away from the road as soon as you can, and leave your hazard lights on. You’ll need to inform the police and your breakdown company.Driving in ice and snowAvoid driving in ice and snow unless your journey is essential.
If you do need to travel:
What to check before you set offDrive at a slower speed than normal
Your stopping distance will increase considerably when the surface of the road is slippery (sometimes up to ten times) and you should take this into account.
Drive as smoothly and gently as possible, avoiding any sudden manoeuvres or braking.
Slow down before you take bends and corners
Don’t brake while you’re driving around the bend or corner itself, otherwise you risk your wheels spinning.
Use a lower gear than normal
This will increase the amount of traction you have, and help you feel more stable.
Don’t use cruise control
Depress the clutch early when you brake
This will reduce your chances of stalling.
Don’t turn the heating up too high
If the interior of your vehicle gets too warm you can become drowsy, which is dangerous when you’re behind the wheel.
What should I do if my wheels lock up?Your wheels can lock up when you’ve been braking heavily, or you drive round a corner too quickly. Your wheels won’t be able to turn, and the steering will feel much lighter than normal. Try not to panic or make any sudden decisions.
If your front wheels lock up
Take your foot off the accelerator, let the steering wheel turn freely, and put the car in neutral. Start steering again as your vehicle slows down.
If your rear wheels lock up
Take your foot off the accelerator and turn your steering wheel in the direction you want your front wheels to go. Apply steady pressure if your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, or gently pump standard brakes.
What should I do if I get stuck in snow?Your instinct might be to rev your engine. However, this will make the situation worse. You should move slowly, going backwards and forwards in the highest gear you can use without stalling. You may need to use the shovel from your emergency kit to dig your vehicle out of the snow drift.
If nothing else works, call your breakdown company or the emergency services. Stay in your vehicle, and don’t be tempted to keep the engine running for warmth, in case the battery runs down.
Driving in winter sunYou might not associate bright sunshine with British winters. But the sun sits low in the sky during the winter months, and this can cause visibility problems when you’re driving.
You can reduce the impact by making sure your windscreen is clean and clear and wearing sunglasses with polarised lenses to filter out the glare. Keep your distance from the vehicle in front and avoid making any sudden manoeuvres, in case the drivers around you are having similar problems with visibility.
It’s also helpful to wind down the windows so you can hear the vehicles around you, the same way you would when your vision was compromised in fog.
Driving in the darkIt’s darker for much longer during the winter, which can be difficult to adjust to at first. But you’ll feel much safer if you can see properly – which is why checking that all your lights work is crucial. It’s important to do this on a regular basis, because it’s illegal to drive at night if they don’t function properly.
When to use dipped headlightsSwitch them on before it gets fully dark (roughly an hour before the sun sets). In the morning, keep them on until an hour after the sun has risen.
When to use full beamIt’s best to use your full beam on country roads, or any other roads that aren’t lit. However, if you see another vehicle coming from the opposite direction, you must switch to dipped headlights to avoid dazzling the driver.
Other ways to improve visibilityDon’t look at the headlights of other cars, in case they dazzle you.
Don’t look at the headlights of other cars, in case they dazzle you.
Clean dirt and condensation from your windscreen, windows, and mirrors.
What to do if you break downSometimes breakdowns happen, despite all our preparations. Try not to panic – help normally isn’t too far away.
Make sure you’ve stopped in a safe place, away from the road if you can. Stop on the hard shoulder if you’re on a motorway, unless you can take the next exit.
Switch on your hazard warning lights.
Get out of your car from the passenger side and wait away from moving traffic (behind a barrier, if you’re on the motorway).
Use your mobile to contact your breakdown company or the emergency services. If you’re on a motorway, there are emergency phones at regular intervals along the hard shoulder. They’re free to use and connect to the police.
04.Useful LinksTo make an informed choice, it’s important to do your research. Check out the following links for more details:
Winter driving advice – be prepared, drive safely
Driver advice: winter and bad weather driving
Weather warnings: how to stay safe when driving in the rain
The Highway Code: Driving in adverse weather conditions
How to drive in snow and icy weather
Prepare an emergency kit
Hendy Group Copyright 2019
There were 1,870 road deaths in the year ending June 2019 which is an increase compared to the previous year. This change is not statistically significant and long-term trends are broadly stable since 2010.
• There were 27,820 people killed or seriously injured (KSI) reported to the police in the year ending June 2019. This compares to 26,724 in the year ending June 2018 and is a statistically significant increase of 4%, at the 95% confidence level.
• There were 157,630 casualties of all severities in the year ending June 2019, down by 5% from the previous year. This change is statistically significant at the 95% confidence level.
• The overall casualty rate per vehicle mile decreased by 5% over the same period.
• In the year ending June 2019, there were 1,870 reported road fatalities, a 4% increase from 1,794 in the previous year. This increase is not statistically significant and it is likely that the change is a result of natural variation.
• There were 27,820 killed or seriously injured casualties (KSIs) in reported road traffic accidents reported to the police, for the year ending June 2019. This compares to 26,724 in the year ending June 2018.
• The total number of casualties decreased by 5% to 157,630. This change is statistically significant at the 95% confidence level.
• Motor vehicle traffic increased by 0.3% over the same twelve months. The fatality rate per billion vehicle miles increased by 4% to 5.6 and the overall casualty rate per billion vehicle miles decreased by 5% in the year ending June 2019 to 476.
Figures for January to June 2019 (RAS45002)
• Half yearly casualty figures are prone to fluctuation as they are sensitive to changes in in-year data validation processes in different forces, and are also likely to be affected by other factors such as weather changes. Therefore the changes in half yearly casualty figures in this release should be interpreted with caution and they may not be indicative of an ongoing trend.
• Between January and June 2019, 880 people were killed in reported road accidents. This is an increase of 11% compared to the same midyear of 2018 (795). This increase is statistically significant compared to the midyear of 2018, however, it is similar to the midyear of 2016 (868) and is in line with the long term average since 2010 which has shown variation around a flat line trend.
• There were 13,420 killed or seriously injured casualties and 61,260 slightly injured casualties during this midyear.
• Casualties of all severities decreased by 4% to 74,680 in comparison with the same midyear in 2018.
• Motor traffic levels increased by 0.1% compared to the same midyear in 2018. The fatality rate per billion vehicle miles increased by 11% to 5.4 and the overall casualty rate fell by 4% over the same period to 459.
Although there has been an increase in fatalities and decrease in total casualties in the year ending June 2019, these changes should be interpreted with caution. The increase in fatalities in the year ending June 2019 is likely to be natural variation around the longer term flat trend since 2010.
The increase in KSI’s between year ending June 2018 and year ending June 2019 is statistically significant, but until we can see the full year data with the severity adjustments in place, we cannot set this against the longer run flat trend since 2010. For more information on severity adjustments see the Reported Road Casualties in Great Britain 2018 publication: https://www.gov. uk/government/statistics/reported-road-casualties-in-great-britain-annual-report-2018
The decrease in total casualties is statistically significant. For more information on trends in total casualties see the underreporting of casualties section of the annual report: https://www. gov.uk/government/statistics/reported-road-casualties-in-great-britain-annual-report-2018.
As discussed in the section on uncertainty, there are a number of police forces with data missing for periods of the year. This also creates uncertainty in these estimates. Once the missing data from these forces become available later in the year it is possible that there could be notable revisions to the year to date data for 2019.
Uncertainty in the provisional estimates.
Reported Road Casualties in Great Britain: provisional estimates year ending June 2019 - Page 7
Background to trends
• The provisional statistics are based on data supplied by police forces with some imputation to account for months that are either missing entirely or for which more records are expected later in the year. • Data on road types is unvalidated and therefore not ready to be included in the provisional estimates, this means it has not been possible to produce tables RAS45009 and RAS45010. • The midyear 2019 results are based on complete (January to June 2019) figures provided by 41 police authorities with partial data for two authorities. Data are incomplete for June 2019 for Police Scotland and Thames Valley Police. In addition, data for the MPS has only been provided by TfL in an aggregated form for all months from January to June 2019. • No single midyear figures should be taken in isolation as an indication of long-term trend, as there are seasonal fluctuations particularly in the smaller categories of road users. Adjustments are made to take account of missing data. Table RAS45011 provides a list of which police authorities are included in these figures. As described above, there is considerable uncertainty in the adjustments. • The figures in this release are based on information available to DfT as at 12 November 2019.
• Comparison of road accident reports with death registrations shows that very few, if any, road accident fatalities are not reported to the police. However, it has long been known that a considerable proportion of non-fatal casualties are not known to the police, as hospital, survey and compensation claims data all indicate a higher number of casualties than suggested by police accident data. • The data used as the basis for these statistics are therefore not a complete record of all personal injury road accidents, and this should be kept in mind when using and analysing the figures. However, police data on road accidents (STATS19), whilst not perfect, remain the most detailed, complete and reliable single source of information on road casualties covering the whole of Great Britain, in particular for monitoring trends over time. • Casualty rates are based on provisional casualty and traffic estimates and are subject to revision at the end of the year. • Provisional traffic estimates do not include pedal cycling estimates. We have attempted to adjust for this in the figures by adding in approximately 1% extra vehicle miles. This ratio is based on the relationship between all motor vehicle traffic and pedal cycle traffic for 2016 to 2018.
• The provisional in-year reported road casualty statistics web page provides further detail of the key findings presented in this statistical release. The tables are available at: https://www.gov.uk/ government/collections/road-accidents-and-safety-statistics. • A note on methodology can be found at: www.gov.uk/government/publications/road-accidentsand-safety-statistics-guidance • National Statistics are produced to high professional standards as set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. They undergo quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. Further information on the National Statistics designation of this statistical release can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/road-accidents-andsafety-statistics-guidance/national-statistics-status-of-reported-road-casualties-statistics. • Details of Ministers and officials who receive pre-release access to these statistics up to 24 hours before release can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/roadaccident-and-safety-statistics-pre-release-access-list. • The latest annual road safety publication, Reported road casualties Great Britain, annual report: 2018, is available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/reported-road-casualties-ingreat-britain-annual-report-2018. Background notes
Reported Road Casualties in Great Britain: provisional estimates year ending June 2019
The report with graphs and further information can be found here.
In the short video above, Graham Hooper talks about Unit 3 of the National Driving Syllabus.
DVSA National Driving Syllabus, Unit 3: Driving a vehicle in accordance with the Highway Code
It can be challenging for ADIs to integrate The Highway Code into their driver training syllabus once a pupil has passed their theory test. However, incorporating and referring to The Highway Code regularly on driving lessons makes it easier for The Highway Code to become embedded into a new driver's learning without it becoming boring and repetitive. As we all know, just reading The Highway Code might be a great cure for insomnia but putting it into practice and helping it be real-life will make the learning more fun and interactive.
For this to happen, we ADIs should know it inside out, upside down and all around - it should be the very bedrock of our knowledge and understanding of all principles of driving, from zip-merging to parking regulations.How many of you have read The Highway Code in the last week, month, year or since passing the Part One examination? To learn The Highway Code we must use it and refer to it daily - it should be dog-eared and probably not in a great condition. The other book we should use frequently is Driving - the essential skills, which gives more depth than the rules and regulations in The Highway Code.
Have a look at your training resources and ask yourself, do you really know them? Do you use them? Do you need to get some new ones?
The DVSA Driving Syllabus Unit 3 is all about The Highway Code and it is essential that driving instructors know how to bring that book to life for the benefit of teaching safe driving for life. Unit 3 is also very useful if you are considering creating your own syllabus or designing a training logbook.
If you want to learn more about creating great driving lessons then you may want to consider one of our training courses and, in particular, the Standards Check and Part 3, Route 51 Workshop. We focus on what makes a great lesson and what makes a great trainer.
This overall aim of this unit is that the driver should be able to guide and control their vehicle safely and responsibly, taking into account road, traffic and weather conditions. This unit is based on the understanding that driving is a complex task; it involves taking in a large amount of information and responding to it appropriately. To be able to do this a driver must be able to constantly scan the world around them, understand what is happening and identify possible hazards and risks. A key part of being able to manage this complexity is the ability to master basic driving skills, such as steering and coordinating the use of controls, so that the driver does not have to think about doing them. Acquiring these skills will provide a driver with the basic blocks on which they can then build. It is important, therefore, that they work through any factors or issues that are getting in the way of their learning. It is also important that they get as much supervised practice as they reasonably can. Accompanying drivers can play a vital part in this process. Although a learner may not experience towing a trailer or caravan while they are learning they will be able to do so when they pass their test (within the restrictions of the licence category). It is important, therefore, that they understand the principles.
You can download the syllabus by following this link
Each unit is presented in the following way Unit aim - gives an indication of the areas to be covered and why this is important in the lifelong learning-to-drive process Learning outcomes - provides a brief overview of what the learning outcome will be as a result of studying the unit What you need to be able to do - to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcomes What you need to know and understand - to enable you to demonstrate achievement of the learning outcomes
The syllabus is based on the ‘National Standard for driving cars and light vans (category B)’, available at www.gov.uk/dvsa/driving-standards.
Trainers should also refer to the ‘National standard for driver and rider training’, also available at www.gov.uk/dvsa/driving-standards.
Detailed information can also be obtained from the following publications Department for Transport – The Official Highway Code (Revised 2007 edition) (TSO, 2007) ISBN: 9780115528149 (also available as an e-book or mobile phone application) Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency – The Official DVSA Guide to Driving – The Essential Skills (TSO, 2010) ISBN: 9780115531347 Department for Transport – Know Your Traffic Signs (Fifth edition 2007) (TS0, 2007) ISBN: 9780115528552
Unit 1: Preparing a vehicle and its occupants for a journey
The aim of this unit is that you should be able to come to an informed judgement about whether
are fit to undertake a particular journey act appropriately on the basis of that judgement
This unit is based on the understanding that a driver’s physical and emotional state the physical and emotional state of any passengers the roadworthiness of the vehicle traffic, weather and road conditions
can all contribute to the cause of crashes. It aims to make sure that you have the knowledge to assess your own fitness, and your passenger’s fitness, and that you can check that your vehicle is safe to drive.
The unit will help you understand the issues involved in carrying passengers, loads and animals safely and securely and how to reduce the risks that this can generate.
The final learning outcome focuses on the importance of planning a journey before setting off, taking account of road, traffic and weather conditions as well as the driver’s own fitness and that of their passengers.
The underlying challenges of this unit are to address the attitudes and misunderstandings that prevent drivers acting on the knowledge and understanding that they have to help you recognise that the factors affecting your fitness to drive can change from day to day and over your driving lifetime.
About the bookEssential reading for the ADI exams, Practical Teaching Skills for Driving Instructors is an indispensable guide for all new and established driving instructors. Fully revised and updated for this 11th edition, it also provides all the necessary advice for the conscientious instructor keen to communicate effectively with their learners.
Containing essential guidance on teaching, communication and coaching skills, Practical Teaching Skills for Driving Instructors is ideal for both existing and trainee driving instructors. It investigates how and why people learn, and the different teaching and learning processes that are involved. With sections on structuring lessons and problem solving, it covers the whole teaching process, from early stage lessons to the final practical test.
You can pre-order your copy by following this link.
DVSA updated official guide to learning to drive
From today (23 October 2019) updated versions of some of our official publications, including our official guide to learning to drive are available to buy.
The updated guide includes information about:
You may not be aware that Tri-Coaching Partnership have written and designed your TCIT training course. They have now received a National Award recognising their contribution in developing DVSA Approved Driving Instructors and are experts in the field of Coaching for Driver Development. Watch out for hashtag #developingadis
Driving Instructor Training do you discuss speed cameras with your learner drivers or just tell them?
So you are training to be a driving instructor or you are already a DVSA Approved Driving Instructor and your learner driver is trying desperately on their lessons to obey the speed limits or you are constantly them about their speed and appropriate speed but the question I want to ask you, is do you really believe they will try that hard when they have passed their driving tests? How can you influence them and is your training and your trainer helping you to deal with these potential problems or is your training test focused. Coaching and Client Centred Learning helps the learner share their thoughts and opinions in a non-judgemental environmental. We know that somewhere in the region of 85% of drivers will and do break the speed limit.
Drivers will risk fines and new drivers risk losing their license if they get 6 points and yet there seems to be a social tolerance to speeding and also there is quite often a tolerance built into speed cameras but not all. There is an article that you can have a look at here on confused.com that suggests speed cameras cause confusion in many drivers.
Teaching people to drive is just not about training the skills of moving the cars but also helping your learners to deal with their thoughts and feelings and where they come from. Discussing how they really think and feel is essential in producing safe driving for life. There is a website that you can find all about safe driving for life and you can find it here.
Tri-Coaching Partnership are driver coaching specialists and they have designed the Tri-Coaching Instructor Training program TCIT so as you can not only develop those skills of driver instruction but you can learn to coach your drivers to be able to drive in a post test environment.
Discussing topics is a great way to engage with your learner drivers and probably more importantly full license holders so please practice in putting these discussions into your driver training.