At the beginning of a lesson it is important to set the tone with a recap that leads into clearly defined learning outcomes and this will give you a great lesson plan.
Recap at Start
What is the purpose of a recap at the start? It should help you link previous knowledge that the driver has gained to the current situation that you are trying to teach. You are trying to discover what knowledge the driver already has.
If, as an example, you are teaching crossroads, you will want to recap their previous knowledge of junctions. To do this you will need to ask open questions. A common error is to ask, 'Do you know the MSM routine?' because this can so easily be answered with 'Yes'. What does this tell you?
To help the driver give a thoughtful answer, you could use a word picture. Like using a diagram, a word picture will help to promote interest, hold attention and increase the rate of learning. Remember, a picture paints a thousand words (communication). An example of a word picture could be, 'You are travelling along this road in 3rd gear at 25 mph and I tell you that I would like you to take the next road on the right. Explain to me what you would do'.
The driver has to give a description of their actions. You should be prepared to ask further questions depending on their answer. These further questions could be anything from, 'Why do you check your mirrors?' 'What speed do you think you should be doing when you turn right?' 'What will your speed depend on?' This may seem long-winded but you will then know what level of understanding that your learner has and this should help you gauge the level of instruction needed in your briefing.
The aim is what you, the instructor, want to teach on the lesson. 'The aim of today’s lesson is to teach the procedures and actions at crossroads'.
The objective describes what the driver is expected to be able to do by the end of the lesson to demonstrate that learning has taken place.
At the end of the lesson the driver will demonstrate the MSPSL routine at crossroads. The driver will be able to explain the different positions for turning right at crossroads and when they apply.
The driver will be able to identify crossroads on approach.
Even though you are unlikely to achieve these objectives in the time allocated on a test you will need them to help you stay in control of the lesson. These should help your focus and aid desired results. In order to achieve these objectives you may find yourself setting smaller objectives, as often learning is a series of small steps rather than a giant leap. These smaller objectives may result from mistakes that the driver makes. For instance, the driver cuts the corner more than once, and this is a fault that you should be able to identify. It will not be sufficient just to say, 'Do not cut the corner'. As the driver is likely to repeat the error, you will have to stop and explain the consequences of the error and investigate (analyse) why the error is occurring and then offer a solution (remedy) to the problem. We will presume that the remedy is helping the driver identify the point of turn and the correct use of speed on approach. You can then restate what you want the driver to do, e.g. 'Next time you turn right I want you to slow down to 5 mph and, providing it is safe, start to steer as the front of the car reaches the point of turn. I will help by prompting you at the correct point of turn. If it is not safe we will stop at the point of turn this will enable you to recognise the correct position'. The next objective will be to steer at the correct point of turn. Objectives are simply learning outcomes.
'Set clear aims and objectives and this will lead to a great lesson plan'
Do you want to learn more then contact us at Tri-Coaching? We have In Class days that you can attend regardless of who you are training with. Give us a call on 0800 058 8009